Authors covered in this unit:
Aristotle and Plato.
Table of Contents:
12 lectures, see "More Info" tab below.

Greeks: The Philosophers

Old Western Culture: The Greeks | The Philosophers
By Wesley Callihan

The Philosophers is the fourth and last unit of The Greeks, year one in the Old Western Culture curriculum. Wesley Callihan covers the most important works of Plato and Aristotle as he introduces students to the ideas that have been wrestled with by Western Civilization for over two thousand years. The texts covered in this unit include Plato’s Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Phaedrus, and Republic; and Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Ethics, and Poetics. Wesley draws from decades of teaching experience as he unpacks the concepts, dispels common misconceptions, and explains how the Christian church and society at large have been influenced by the ideas of these men—both for good and for ill.

Greeks: The Philosophers contains a full color "Course Guide and Art Notes" booklet which you will find in the front cover of the DVD case. The student workbook, Answer Key, and eTexts are available in PDF format on our MATERIALS page. There you will also find e-book versions (Kindle and/or PDF) of all the assigned readings. The spiral-bound version of the Student Workbook (with Answer Key) is available for purchase below.

Greeks: The Philosophers: CHOOSE FORMAT:
DVD Old Western Culture DVD: The Philosophers - 12 lectures
$56.00 Qty: ADD TO CART
SELF-PACED ONLINE STREAMING: FULL YEAR ONLY The Greeks: Self-paced curriculum.
$199.00  SEE YEAR 1 SET
Student Workbook & Answer Key The Philosophers: 50 pages, Spiral Bound
$12.00 Qty: ADD TO CART

    “Old Western Culture” is a literature curriculum named after a term coined by C.S. Lewis to describe the fabric of ideas that shaped Western Civilization. For centuries, a “Great Books” education lay at the heart of what it meant to be educated. It was the education of the Church Fathers, of the Medieval Church, of the Reformers, and of all the Founding Fathers of the Unites States. It is a CLASSICAL EDUCATION, based on the great books of western civilization. It is a CHRISTIAN EDUCATION, which sees the history and literature of the West through the eyes of the Bible and historic Christianity. It is an INTEGRATED HUMANITIES CURRICULUM, bringing together literature, history, philosophy, doctrine, geography, and art. And it is a HOMESCHOOL oriented curriculum, made by homeschoolers with the needs of homeschooled in mind, including flexibility, affordability, and ease-of-use. We bring a master-teacher into your home, and encourage parents to gain an overview of Western Civilization themselves by watching the video lessons with their children.

    Old Western Culture is a video course. It is built around a master teacher, Wes Callihan. With decades of teaching experience, he guides students through the story of Western civilization. Each unit of The Greeks (year 1 of Old Western Culture) contains 12 video lessons (48 in year 1, approx 30 min each).
    Each lesson begins with a brief review before jumping into summary, commentary, analysis, and inter-disciplnary connections of the works covered. After each lesson, students complete the assigned readings, and asnswer comprehension questions in the Student Workbook.

    The Greeks is divided into 4 units:
    1. The Epics. Works covered: The Iliad and The Odyssey
    2. Drama and Lyric. Works covered: A collection of Greek plays and poetry.
    3. The Histories. Works covered: Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon
    4. The Philosophers. Works covered: selected readings from Plato and Aristotle.

    Wes Callihan is a master story teller! With a remarkable ability to communicate a passion for history and literature, he makes profound ideas accessible, relevent, and interesting. Also known for his distinctive "rabbit trailers," forays into funny and obscure historical anactodes, which have a way of showing up at the dinner table. (After all, rabbit trails are "hooks for the imagination and memory.") Wes Callihan is a true classical scholar, fluent in both Latin and Greek. He lectures only from the notes in the margins of his worn copies of the Great Books.


    Visit our all new SAMPLE LESSONS page!

    The Sample Page will allow you to take the Old Western Culture curriculum for a test drive! Watch full lessons from the curriculum, fun excerpts, browse the workbooks, exams, and art guides, as well as get to know Wes Callihan, the instructor.
    Aristotle and Plato.

    Lecture 1 - Overview of Greek philosophy, introduction to Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
    Lecture 2 - Plato: The Apology: Socrates, St. Paul, and The Doctrine of Wisdom
    Lecture 3 - Plato: The Crito and Phaedo: Socrates, Christianity, and the doctrine of body and soul
    Lecture 4 - Plato: The Phaedrus: Socrates, Augustine, Dante, C. S. Lewis, and the Dialectic of Desire; True teaching
    Lecture 5 - Plato: The Republic: understanding morality
    Lecture 6 - Plato: The Republic: The Forms and the influence on Medieval Christendom
    Lecture 7 - Aristotle: The Metaphysics: Aristotle, Aquinas, and the Doctrine of Wisdom
    Lecture 8 - Aristotle: The Metaphysics: the Cosmos in Antiquity and the Middle Ages
    Lecture 9 - Aristotle: The Ethics: Happiness the Chief End of Man
    Lecture 10 - Aristotle: The Ethics: Friendship
    Lecture 11 - Aristotle: The Poetics: Stories, Oedipus, and Jane Austen
    Lecture 12 - The Lessons of Greek Philosophy

    Average lesson length is 30 min.

    When you purchase Drama and Lyric you receive the DVD set, or access to the online streaming portal.
    Accompanying materials include:
    - A Student Workbook and Answer Key in PDF format (optional physical version available).
    - A "Guide to the Art" booklet (inside the DVD case).
    - An A and B exam with teacher guide and answer key.
    - All required texts in eText (PDF and Kindle edition). Physical books recommended for the pleasure of the reader.

    All these materials, including full lessons, can be previewed on our Sample Page.

    Schools, co-ops, or other non-family group settings have two main ways to use Old Western Culture.
    DVDs with textbooks. When using the DVDs in a group setting like a school or homeschool co-op, we ask that each student have their own workbook. The workbook is the license in this context. No additional licensing is required for the DVD.
    Our online self-paced version of Old Western Culture was designed for homeschool co-ops and small schools! This version allows each student to have an individual account and access to the videos, as well as self-grading comprehension quizzes after each assignment. Tutors and teachers can be set up to teach a group, and can see at a glance how each student is progressing. This is ideal for the co-op situation that meets once per week. This method allows students to come to class well prepared, having engaged with the material at a much deeper level, and with better questions, than if they had only read the texts.
    We encourage schools to do the same. This is known as "flipping the classroom," a term made popular by Salman Khan. The basic principle is to use the homework time as the lecture time through video, and class time for more in-depth discussion. While becoming popular due to Khan's influence and the advance of technology, this is very much in line with the principles of classical education, where lecture is followed by "recitations," or, small group interaction and socratic discussion.

    Each year of Old Western Culture is a double-credit Literature and Social studies course. The double-credit assumes that the student will watch all the videos, read the required reading, answer the daily worksheets, and take 4 exams (one for each unit). This a robust course academically, and requires a lot of reading. Wesley Callihan will coach your student on how to approach the reading in the video. Average daily reading load is 30-40 pages. A single unit of Old Western Culture would be a half credit.

    To better understand the scope and sequence of the course, we offer this more detailed breakdown of the credits.

    As an "integrated humanities" course, Old Western Culture will constantly be incorporating history, doctrine, philosophy, art, art history, and of course literature.
    The workbook gives the student questions to answer for every lesson, discussion questions to think about, and a host of further resources for the student that wants to go further (or study for a paper!). A Teacher's Edition includes all the answers. We encourage students to answer the questions on their own before referencing the Teacher's Edition.

    A PDF version of the Workbook and Answer Key can be downloaded here:

    We sell a physical workbook (with answer key). This offers an alternative to using the PDFs, and reduces printing time, costs, and hassle.

    TEXTS: If you would like to purchase hard copies of the texts for The Philosophers, please purchase the texts below. While any editions and translations will do, the following list includes our recommended translations and editions. Remember that you can also use the included digital versions. See The Greeks page for an overview on original texts.

      - Plato: Six Greek Dialogues
      - The Basic Works of Aristotle

  • S&H
    We charge a flat shipping rate of $7 for our physical products. You will only receive one charge per order regardless of quantity.

    INTERNATINAL SHIPPING: In an effort to encourage homeschoolers abroad, we offer the same flat shipping rate of $7 per order for our international customers!
    Want to submit a review?
    Send your review to!

    We have an ALL NEW reviews page. Check it out HERE!

Contact | © Roman Roads Media 2015